Poverty and Income Distribution:
• 75-80 percent of
• The poorest half of the country survives on average on $0.44 per day.
• The wealthiest 20 percent take in 68 percent of the nation's income.
• Half the population has no access to safe drinking water.
• Life Expectancy at birth is between 49 and 51 years
• More than 5 percent is estimated to have HIV/AIDS.
• 23 percent of children suffer from malnutrition, 13 percent from acute malnutrition.
• Under-five mortality rate is more than 12 percent.
• Half the population is illiterate.
• An estimated 500,000 children do not have access to primary education.
• Less than 60 percent of children are in primary school.
• Only half of
• Only 10 percent of the population has electricity, often for just part of the day.
• In a 10,667-square-mile territory, there are only 380 miles of paved roads, most in terrible condition.
• In the capital, only 20 percent of households have piped water.
• Only 20 percent of the capital's inhabitants have telephones, much less in the countryside.
Economy and Land
• Only 45 percent of adults are employed, two thirds of them in informal jobs.
• Nearly 25 percent of household income comes from remittances from Haitians living abroad.
• 97 percent of the country's forests have been cut down.
• 80 percent of farmers -- half the country's working population -- cannot satisfy the basic needs of their family.
Government and Justice.
• 80 percent of prisoners in
• 4,500 under-equipped, under-trained police officers patrol a country with the population of
• The national police chief has estimated 25 perce